The Pseudo-Apollodorus III, 6, 8 recounts that in the defeat of the Argives , the same battle in which Eteocles and Polynices slew each other, Adrastus alone among the Argive leaders survived, saved by his horse Arion that Demeter, in the likeness of a Fury, had conceived by Poseidon.
In support of the lineage they advance, Pausanias reports, the Arcadians cite some verses from the Iliad Pausanias says that "in the Thebaid it is said that Adrastus fled from Thebes: According to Pausanias, Heracles , waging war with the Eleans , acquired this horse from Oncus.
The son of Zeus would have thus ridden upon Arion when he seized Elis. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the mythological horse.
For other uses, see Arion disambiguation. This article appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
There are numerous variants in other authors. Most of these are incidental references in poems and scholiasts. The Roman poet Virgil shows Orion as a giant wading through the Aegean Sea with the waves breaking against his shoulders; rather than, as the mythographers have it, walking on the water.
He is also called Oeneus, although he is not the Calydonian Oeneus. Although Orion does not defeat the Scorpion in any version, several variants have it die from its wounds.
Artemis is given various motives. One is that Orion boasted of his beast-killing and challenged her to a contest with the discus.
Another is that he assaulted either Artemis herself or Opis , a Hyperborean maiden in her band of huntresses. Ancient poets differed greatly on whom Aesculapius brought back from the dead;  the Argive epic poet Telesarchus is quoted as saying in a scholion that Aesculapius resurrected Orion.
The story of Orion and Oenopion also varies. Another refers to Merope as the daughter of Minos and not of Oenopion. The text implies that Oenopion blinds him on the spot.
Lucian includes a picture with Orion in a rhetorical description of an ideal building, in which Orion is walking into the rising sun with Lemnos nearby, Cedalion on his shoulder.
He recovers his sight there with Hephaestus still watching in the background. The next picture deals with the ancient story of Orion.
He is blind, and on his shoulder carries Cedalion, who directs the sightless eyes towards the East. The rising Sun heals his infirmity; and there stands Hephaestus on Lemnos, watching the cure.
Latin sources add that Oenopion was the son of Dionysus. Dionysus sent satyrs to put Orion into a deep sleep so he could be blinded.
One source tells the same story but converts Oenopion into Minos of Crete. Both Hephaestus and the Cyclopes were said to make thunderbolts; they are combined in other sources.
Giovanni Boccaccio cites a lost Latin writer for the story that Orion and Candiope were son and daughter of Oenopion, king of Sicily.
While the virgin huntsman Orion was sleeping in a cave, Venus seduced him; as he left the cave, he saw his sister shining as she crossed in front of it.
He ravished her; when his father heard of this, he banished Orion. Orion consulted an oracle, which told him that if he went east, he would regain the glory of kingship.
Orion, Candiope, and their son Hippologus sailed to Thrace, "a province eastward from Sicily". There he conquered the inhabitants, and became known as the son of Neptune.
His son begat the Dryas mentioned in Statius. In Ancient Greece, Orion had a hero cult in the region of Boeotia.
The number of places associated with his birth suggest that it was widespread. A feast of Orion was held at Tanagra as late as the Roman Empire.
The Boeotian school of epic poetry was chiefly concerned with the genealogies of the gods and heroes; later writers elaborated this web. A papyrus fragment of the Boeotian poet Corinna gives Orion fifty sons a traditional number.
Corinna sang of Orion conquering and naming all the land of the dawn. Orion also has etiological connection to the city of Messina in Sicily.
Diodorus of Sicily wrote a history of the world up to his own time the beginning of the reign of Augustus. He starts with the gods and the heroes.
At the end of this part of the work, he tells the story of Orion and two wonder-stories of his mighty earth-works in Sicily.
One tells how he aided Zanclus , the founder of Zancle the former name for Messina , by building the promontory which forms the harbor. Orion built the whole Peloris, the Punta del Faro , and the temple to Poseidon at the tip, after which he settled in Euboea.
He was then "numbered among the stars of heaven and thus won for himself immortal remembrance". Images of Orion in classical art are difficult to recognize, and clear examples are rare.
There are several ancient Greek images of club-carrying hunters that could represent Orion,  but such generic examples could equally represent an archetypal "hunter", or indeed Heracles.
A tradition of this type has been discerned in 5th century BC Greek pottery — John Beazley identified a scene of Apollo, Delian palm in hand, revenging Orion for the attempted rape of Artemis, while another scholar has identified a scene of Orion attacking Artemis as she is revenged by a snake a counterpart to the scorpion in a funerary group—supposedly symbolizing the hope that even the criminal Orion could be made immortal, as well as an astronomical scene in which Cephalus is thought to stand in for Orion and his constellation, also reflecting this system of iconography.
Orion is also seen on a 4th-century bas-relief,  currently affixed to a wall in the Porto neighborhood of Naples.
The constellation Orion rises in November, the end of the sailing season, and was associated with stormy weather,  and this characterization extended to the mythical Orion—the bas-relief may be associated with the sailors of the city.
Mythographers have discussed Orion at least since the Renaissance of classical learning; the Renaissance interpretations were allegorical.
He also explains how Orion walked on the sea: Modern mythographers have seen the story of Orion as a way to access local folk tales and cultic practices directly without the interference of ancient high culture;  several of them have explained Orion, each through his own interpretation of Greek prehistory and of how Greek mythology represents it.
There are some points of general agreement between them: There was a movement in the late nineteenth century to interpret all the Boeotian heroes as merely personifications of the constellations;  there has since come to be wide agreement that the myth of Orion existed before there was a constellation named for him.
Homer, for example, mentions Orion, the Hunter, and Orion, the constellation, but never confuses the two. The story of Side may well be a piece of astronomical mythology.
The Greek word side means pomegranate , which bears fruit while Orion, the constellation, can be seen in the night sky. The 19th-century German classical scholar Erwin Rohde viewed Orion as an example of the Greeks erasing the line between the gods and mankind.
That is, if Orion was in the heavens, other mortals could hope to be also. From this association he turns Orion into a representative of the old mead -drinking cultures, overcome by the wine masters Oenopion and Oeneus.
The Greek for "wine" is oinos. Fontenrose cites a source stating that Oenopion taught the Chians how to make wine before anybody else knew how.
Joseph Fontenrose wrote Orion: In The Greek Myths , Robert Graves views Oenopion as his perennial Year-King , at the stage where the king pretends to die at the end of his term and appoints a substitute, in this case Orion, who actually dies in his place.
His blindness is iconotropy from a picture of Odysseus blinding the Cyclops , mixed with a purely Hellenic solar legend: Graves sees the rest of the myth as a syncretism of diverse stories.
These include Gilgamesh and the Scorpion-Men, Set becoming a scorpion to kill Horus and the story of Aqhat and Yatpan from Ras Shamra , as well as a conjectural story of how the priestesses of Artemis Opis killed a visitor to their island of Ortygia.
The ancient Greek and Roman sources which tell more about Orion than his being a gigantic huntsman are mostly both dry and obscure, but poets do write of him: The brief passages in Aratus and Virgil are mentioned above.
Pindar celebrates the pancratist Melissus of Thebes "who was not granted the build of an Orion", but whose strength was still great. There is also a single mention of Orion in his Art of Love , as a sufferer from unrequited love: References since antiquity are fairly rare.
This featured Orion with Cedalion on his shoulder, in a depiction of the ancient legend of Orion recovering his sight; the sculpture is now displayed at the Louvre.
In Endymion , John Keats includes the line "Or blind Orion hungry for the morn" , thought to be inspired by Poussin. Science fiction author Ben Bova re-invented Orion as a time-traveling servant of various gods in a series of five novels.
Diana shoots Orion only after being tricked by Apollo into thinking him a sea monster—she then laments his death and searches for Orion in the underworld until he is elevated to the heavens.
Orion, sung by a castrato , is in love with Candiope, the daughter of Oenopion, King of Arcadia but his arrogance has offended Diana.
He bids a touching farewell to Candiope and marches off to his destiny. Diana allows him his victory and then kills him, offstage, with her arrow.
In another aria, his mother Retrea Queen of Thebes , laments his death but ultimately sees his elevation to the heavens. Marion Perret argues that Orion is a silent link in T.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Arion. For other uses, see Orion disambiguation. Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns, and Homerica by Hesiod at Project Gutenberg Whether these works are actually by Hesiod and Eratosthenes themselves is doubtful; pseudo-Eratosthenes does not specify the work of Hesiod he is summarizing, but the modern assumption that it is the same work which other authors call the Astronomy is not particularly controversial.
It is certainly neither the Theogony nor the Works and Days. The constellation is called Scorpius in astronomy; colloquially, Scorpio , like the related astrological sign — both are Latin forms of the Greek word.
Cicero used Nepa, the older Latin word for "scorpion. Under "Apollodorus of Athens 6 " it describes the Bibliotheca as an uncritical forgery some centuries later than Apollodorus; it distinguishes "Hyginus 4 ", the author of the Fabulae and Astronomy , from "Hyginus 1 ", C.
A bull would be an appropriate sacrifice to male gods. The Latin translations by Hyginus are ambiguous. Ejaculation of semen is the more obvious interpretation here, and Kerenyi assumes it; but John Peter Oleson argued, in the note to p.
Spring, , pp.
This article is about the mythological horse. For other uses, see Arion disambiguation. This article appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Fall of Troy, Book 4. Retrieved from " https: Articles containing Ancient Greek-language text Articles with trivia sections from March Commons category link is on Wikidata Commons category link is on Wikidata using P Views Read Edit View history.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 30 January , at There is a tale told by the men of old, who said that stout Orion laid hands upon her robe, what time in Khios Chios he was smiting with his strong club all manner of beasts, as a service of the hunt to that King Oinopion Oenopion.
But she forthwith rent in twain the surrounding hills of the island and roused up against him another kind of beast--even the Scorpion, who proving mightier wounded him, mighty though he was, and slew him, for that he had vexed Artemis.
Wherefore, too, men say that at the rising of the Scorpion in the East Orion flees at the Western verge.
Parthenius, Love Romances 20 trans. Gaselee Greek poet C1st B. Orion, the son of Hyrieos Hyrieus , fell in love with her, and asked her father for her hand; for her sake he rendered the island where they lived habitable--it was formerly full of wild beasts--, and he also gathered together much booty from the folk who lived there and brought it as a bridal-gift for her.
Then Orion, maddened by strong drink, broke in the doors of the chamber where the girl was lying asleep, and as he was offering violence to her Oinopion attacked him and put out his eyes with a burning brand.
Jones Greek geographer C1st B. It is also thought that Orion was so named because he was reared there. Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4.
Oldfather Greek historian C1st B. Orion, far surpassing in size and strength of body all the heroes of whom we have record, was a lover of the chase and the builder of mighty works by reason of his great strength and love of glory.
In Sikelia Sicily , for instance, for Zanklos Zanclus , who was king at that time of the city. Zankle Zancle , but now Messene, he built certain works and mong them he formed the harbour by throwing up a mole and made the Akte Promontory , as it is called.
Some say that great earthquakes occurred, which broke through the neck of land and formed the straits [of Messina between Sicily and Italy], the sea parting the mainland from the island.
But Hesiodos Hesiod , the poet, says just the opposite: Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses 25 trans. Celoria Greek mythographer C2nd A.
After Artemis had taken him away from the sight of mankind, they were brought up by their mother [and were later transformed into comets by Persephone].
Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 5. Way Greek epic C4th A. Philostratus the Younger, Imagines 10 trans. Fairbanks Greek rhetorician C3rd A.
You see Orion also, but the story about him and the reason why he is one of the stars we must defer to another occasion, my boy, that we may not divert you from the object of your present desire.
The stars next to Orion are the Bear, or the Wain if you prefer that name. Men say that this constellation alone does not sink into Okeanos Oceanus , but revolves about itself as a guard over Orion.
Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae trans. Grant Roman mythographer C2nd A. Since they were received hospitably by him, they promised him whatever he should ask for.
He asked for children. Mercurius [Hermes] brought out the hide of the bull which Hyrieus had sacrificed to them; they urinated in it, and buried it in the earth, and from it Orion was born.
When he tried to violate Diana [Artemis], she killed him. Later he was placed by Jove [Zeus] among the stars, and called Orion. And so up to this time Orion seems to be following them as they flee towards the west.
Orion, since he used to hunt, and felt confident that he was most skilled of all in that pursuit, said even to Diana [Artemis] and Latona [Leto] that he was able to kill anything the earth produced.
Tellus Earth [Gaia], angered at this, sent the Scorpion which is said to have killed him. Jove [Zeus], however, admiring the courage of both, put the Scorpion among the stars, as a lesson to men not to be too self-confident.
Diana [Artemis], then, because of her affection for Orion, asked Jove to show to her request the same favour he had given of his own accord to Tellus [Gaia].
And so the constellation was established in such a way that when Scorpion rises, Orion sets. Callimachus [Greek poet C3rd B. So they have represented Orion fighting the Bull.
He had the ability of running over the waves as if on land, just as it is said that Iphiclus could run over standing grain and not bruise it.
To gain his request more readily he sacrificed an ox and put it before them for a feast. When he had done this, Jove and Mercurius asked him to remove the hide from the ox; then they urinated in it, and bade him bury the hide in the ground.
From this, later on, a child was born whom Hyrieus called Urion Urine from the happening, though on account of his charm and affability he came to be called Orion.
He is said to have come from Thebes to Chios, and when his passions were excited by wine, he attacked Merope, the daughter of Oenopion.
For this he was blinded by Oenopion and cast out of the island. But he came to Lemnos and Vulcanus [Hephaistos], and received from him a guide named Cedalion.
Carrying him on his shoulders, he came to Sol [Helios], and when Sol healed him returned to Chios to take vengeance on Oenopion.
The citizens however, guarded Oenopion underground. He made the boast to her we have mentioned before, and thus came to the stars. Some say that Orion lived with Oenopion in too close intimacy, and wanting to prove to him his zeal in hunting, boasted to Diana [Artemis], too, what we spoke of above, and so was killed.
Others, along with Callimachus, say that when he wished to offer violence to Diana [Artemis], he was transfixed by her arrows and fashioned for the stars because of their similar zeal in hunting.
Istrus, however, says that Diana [Artemis] loved Orion and came near marrying him. Since she wished to be called an expert in that skill, she shot an arrow and pierced the head of Orion.
The waves brought his slain body to the shore, and Diana [Artemis], grieving greatly that she had struck him, and mourning his death with many tears, put him among the constellations.
But what Diana did after his death, we shall tell in the stories about her. Boyle Roman poetry C1st B. I should sing the cause of this constellation.
Jupiter [Zeus] and his brother who rules the broad sea [Poseidon] were travelling the road with Mercurius [Hermes].
It was the time when yokes bring back the upturned plough and stooping lams milk their bursting ewes. By chance an old farmer of a narrow plot, Hyrieus, spots them, as he stood by his little hut.
They take his offer and hide their godhead. Where is she now, you ask? Sealed in an urn. I gave her an oath, with you as my witness.
I want to be, not a husband, but a father. I am ashamed to speak any further [the three gods urinated on the hide]. Then they blanketed the sodden spot with soil.
It was now ten months, and a boy was born. Hyrieus calls him Urion from his mode of birth; then the first letter lost its ancient sound.
Delia [Artemis] made him her companion; he guarded the goddess and he served her. Imprudent words incite the anger of gods: Its urge was to stab the goddess of twins with its hooked stingers.
Day-Lewis Roman epic C1st B. Atsma Roman scholia C4th A. At the same time, he was conceded to Jove [Zeus], Mercurius [Hermes] and Neptunus [Poseidon], for the hospitable reception [they had received from the king].
He was a hunter with an immense body, who on numerous occasions undertook tasks for King Oenopion. But on one occassion he violated his daughter, as a result of which the enraged king invoked the power of Father Liber [Dionysos] who was his father.
The god then sent the Satyrs, who poured sleep upon Orion and in this manner bound him and handed him over to Oenopion for his judgement and retribution.
So Oenopion took out his eyes while he slept. Afterwards the blinded Orion asked how he might recover his eyes. They [the Satyrs] replied that to restore his sight, he must travel across the sea towards the dawn, and in this place receive light his sight from the rays of the sun.
Orion was able to accomplish this in the following manner: He spoke to these for their command, and one [of their companions] climbed up between his shoulders and guided him to satisfy the command of an oracle.Die Sumerer sahen in dem Sternbild ein Schaf. M 42 und M fc bayern hannover, der Lichtjahre entfernte Orionnebelist eines der schönsten Beobachtungsobjekte am Nachthimmel. NGC ist ebenfalls ein offener Sternhaufen. Bei klarer Nacht und dunklem Himmel sieht der Stern leicht unscharf aus. Der 4 casino parade point cook victoria Homer schildert den Tod des Orion ganz anders. Zum Dank wollten ihm die Gäste einen Wusch erfüllen. Zeus, Poseidon und Hermes wussten Abhilfe.